Improving its ability to deal with natural catastrophes is a priority for the insurance industry and for Swiss Re, one that Iceye could address with its technology. Such a deal could have significant societal and economic impact, and pave the way for similar satellite deals moving forward. Entrepreneur Nobu Okada’s timing couldn’t have been better when he founded Astroscale in 2013. Space congestion was already a concern for the industry, as some nations began testing anti-satellite weapons and commercial satellites in Low-Earth Orbit began colliding with deactivated military spy satellites.

zafar satellite launch

It has been decades since the Soviet Union launched Sputnik I and Americans landed on the moon. In that time, the Berlin Wall has fallen, the Soviet Union has dissolved, and China has become one of the United States’ largest trading partners. The estimated cost of launching, assembling and operating a microwave-equipped GEO satellite is in the tens of billions of dollars. It would likely require as many as 40 launches for all necessary materials to reach space. On Earth, the rectenna used for collecting the microwave beam would be anywhere between 3 and 10 km in diameter, a huge area of land, and a challenge to purchase and develop. The idea of capturing solar power in space for use as energy on Earth has been around since the beginning of the space age.

A beginning was made by launching IRS -P4 PSLV-C2 was used to launched two small satellites namely the Korean and the German TUBSAT as pay load. The Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission also known as the Pakistan Space Agency of the Pakistani government, responsible for nation’s public space program. SUPARCO was established on September 16, 1961 by the order of President Muhammad Ayub Khan on the advice of its founding director, Abdus Salam.

Connecting Remote Industry

The addition of the Artemis program, to establish a Moon base for the first leg of exploration and mining in the mid-2020s, will also be a gateway for the journey to read more Mars in the 2030s. NASA is now a spaceport with Space X, Blue Origin, and Boeing residing at Kennedy Space Center in Florida. In March 2019, the UAE Government launched theNational Space Strategy 2030, which sets the general framework for the UAE’s space industry and activities carried out by public and private sectors for the years leading up to 2030.

Superior Digital Systems

Readout stations are used for the reception of signals from various US satellites and other foreign satellites, and for ground-based processing of sensor data. Canada supplied the satellite transponders operating at frequencies of 121.5, 243 and 406 MHz, and designed and built the ground station for reception of the satellite-relayed signals. France provided the on-board signal processor and the US contributed the spacecraft antennae and tested, integrated and launched the SARSAT space hardware on board the NOAA series of meteorological satellites. The first launch of a SARSAT-equipped spacecraft was in Mar 1983; a number have been launched since. In the speech from the throne on 1 Oct 1986, the Canadian government announced its intention to create a Canadian Space Agency to incorporate and coordinate many of the space activities previously carried out in various departments and agencies of the federal government. The Canadian Space Agency Act was passed by the House of Commons on 14 Dec 1989, and proclaimed a year later.

This platform, published earlier this year in IEEE Transactions on Robotics , is able to achieve two flight modes with just one actuator. For example, we can use the platform to deploy sensors for forest monitoring or wildfire alert system. The sensors can land on tree canopies, and once landed the wing provides the necessary area for capturing solar energy for persistent operation over several years. Another interesting scenario is using the autorotating platform to guide the radiosondes back to the collection point once its journey upwards is completed. Currently, many radiosondes are sent up with hydrogen balloons from weather stations all across the world and once the balloon reaches a high altitude and bursts, the sensors drop back onto the earth and no effort is spent to retrieve these sensors. By guiding these sensors back to a collection point, millions of dollars can be saved every year—and also save the environment by polluting less.

Iort: The Internet Of Robotic Things

We will attempt to receive data from space in cooperation with ham radio operators. Mechanisms ordinarily employed are thrusters1 and reaction wheels2, but we newly devised an attitude control method based on multiple moving parts; for example, solar-cell paddles, which normally are stowed during launch and unfold in orbit. Our method controls the orientation of the satellite in orbit by moving these solar-cell paddles. They also can be used for orbital control that exploits atmospheric drag in low earth orbit and solar radiation pressure3 in deep space orbit. He leads the team’s industry-leading market analysis, technology forecasting, economic modeling, and data analytics business to support customers in aeronautics, space, defense and national security, and other market segments. Also necessary are a communications system to receive commands and return information, internal sensors to gauge the satellite’s state, and a control unit to coordinate all subsystem activities.

India was outraged when a Chinese satellite allegedly surveilled Ladakh, a disputed area between India, Pakistan and China. India has openly shot one of its own satellites out of the sky — just to prove it can. The NRO has started working with a commercial company called Rocket Lab, which launches from a site in New Zealand. There are others listed as “military / civil” or “military / government,” which means, if you count them all together, there are between 339 and 485 military satellites in total. NROL-44 is a huge signals intelligence, or SIGINT, satellite, says David Baker, a former NASA scientist who worked on Apollo and Shuttle missions, has written numerous books, including US Spy Satellites and is editor of SpaceFlight magazine.


The 21st century is witnessing a rapid acceleration in both the development of space and satellite technology and the availability of this technology to countries, corporations, and in­­­dividuals. Advances in technology allow large and expensive capabilities to fit on smaller, lighter, and cheaper platforms. Simultaneously, advanced imagery and communications technologies previously available to only a select few wealthy, spacefaring nations are now proliferating to new countries and even companies. Tiny satellites called CubeSats are spreading to schools, governments, and corporations and performing the tasks of large traditional satellites at a fraction of the cost. This poses a significant challenge to the American notion of space superiority.

In space, we have a growing amount of debris that comes from old satellites, launch vehicle stages, collisions and so on. Amazon’s Head of Regulatory Affairs Julie Zoller shared that the Project Kuiper venture plans to launch 3236 satellites over a five-phase deployment. The first 578 satellites will be deployed into the 630-kilometer-altitude orbit to provide initial service, she added.

Jaga Sõpradega